Demand for Sugar consumption as an enriched ingredient is always on the rise in Iran and other developing countries. It is one of the cheap resources for producing energy and needs to be supported as a strategic good by governments.
Families are the biggest consumer of sugar. Mostly, food and agriculture industries, business sector, diary goods, animal feed and also seed for bird’s sector are among sectors that use this industry’s products.
Sugar factories are based on sugar cane and sugar beet. Some of the sugar products are as following:
- Sugar cube
- Molasses: nutrient and energetic food for animals
- Bagasse: fibrous matter that remains after sugarcane or sorghum stalks are crushed to extract their juice. It is dry pulpy residue left after the extraction of juice from sugar cane. Bagasse is used in several fields such as producing energy and electricity, consolidated bagasse as fuel instead of firewood, coal producing, methane gas, methanol and ethanol (fuel and medical ethanol), applying in cellulose industries, producing papers and also suitable soil for mushroom and etc.
First sugar factory in Iran was built in 1895 with daily capacity of 512 tons of sugar beet by a Belgian company but now after many years Iran has 44 sugar factories with daily capacity of 178,150 tons wherein 35 factories are sugar beet-based and 9 factories are sugar cane-based.
Among these factories, 14 of them are listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. These corporates are shown in the table below:
In the following, production and import statistics of sugar for Iran are shown:
Sugar import’s tariff is shown in the chart below:
As you can see, there is a tariff for sugar import in Iran because sugar price is determined by the government in order to support domestic production. These tariffs have changed a lot during the last decade due to different government’s policies. It is obvious from statistics above that in 2006 import of sugar had risen because tariffs decreased.
To conclude, sugar industry in TSE is a sector with a share of 0.3%. Due to existence of tariffs on import and available opportunities to increase production in the country, sugar sector will be a prosperous one to invest in.